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Published: Kem. Ind. 68 (11-12) (2019) 591–598
Paper reference number: KUI-17/2019
Paper type: Review
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Conventional Cigarettes vs. Alternative Devices – Impact on Human Health and Ecosystem

D. Kučić Grgić, I. Bičanić, N. Čavarović, P. Pohanić and V. Ocelić Bulatović


Tobacco smoke is the leading preventable cause of death worldwide, and smoking has become a less desirable habit in many social segments. Therefore, during the last decade, the tobacco industry has developed some alternatives – ENDS and HNBT products, in order to offer a less harmful option for consumers. E-cigarette manufacturers are referred to the GRAS declaration which refers exclusively to ingestion, while the inhalation of the aerosol itself, which occurs in both of these products, is harmful. E-cigarettes create an aerosol by heating e-liquid, and HNBT devices are based on heating the coated tobacco leaves thus producing harmful compounds although at considerably lower concentrations than conventional cigarettes.

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tobacco smoke, ENDS, HNBT, aerosol, adverse impact on health and environment