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Published: Kem. Ind. 63 (11-12) (2014) 391−396
Paper reference number: KUI-27/2013
Paper type: Original scientific paper
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Optimization of Total Flavonoids Extraction from Coreopsis tinctoria Nutt. by Response Surface Methodology

X. F. Liu, L. Liu, Y. G. Wang, F. F. Leng, S. W. Wang and Y. C. Li


Response surface methodology (RSM) was applied to predict optimum conditions for extraction of flavonoid from Coreopsis tinctoria Nutt. A central composite design (CCD) was used to monitor the effect of extraction temperature, extraction time, and water-to-material ratio on yield of total flavonoids. The optimal extraction conditions were obtained as water-to-material ratio of 55 ml g−1, extraction temperature of 80 °C and extraction time of 70 minutes. Under these conditions, the average total flavonoids yield, according to the mass of raw material, was 9.0 ± 0.6 %, which corresponds to the predicted value of 8.9 %. Thus, the extraction method was applied successfully to extract total flavonoids from C. tinctoria.

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Coreopsis tinctoria Nutt., flavonoid, reflux extraction, response surface methodology