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Published: Kem. Ind. 73 (1-2) (2024) 1–6
Paper reference number: KUI-18/2023
Paper type: Original scientific paper
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Substituent and Solvent Effects on the Spectral Properties of 3-Substituted Derivatives of 4-Hydroxycoumarin

E. Bečić, M. Dedić, B. Imamović, S. Špirtović-Halilović and E. Omeragić


Solvent and substitution effects on the UV/Vis spectroscopic and fluorescence behaviour of seven synthesized 3-substituted 4-hydroxycoumarin derivatives were tested. The tested compounds were dissolved in ethyl acetate, acetonitrile, and dimethyl sulfoxide. Absorption and emission spectra were recorded in the range of 200–800 nm. All tested 4-hydroxycoumarin derivatives showed good absorption in a wide range of 200–550 nm, depending on the properties of the substituents on the benzene ring of the cinnamoyl moiety and the type of solvent. In comparison to the unsubstituted analogue, compounds with an electron-donating group exhibited bathochromically shifted UV/Vis absorption and emission spectra. The highest fluorescence quantum yield was observed for compounds with dimethylamino and acetamido groups as substituents at the benzene ring. Considering that both substitution and solvent affect the absorption and emission spectra of the tested compounds, it can be concluded that judiciously selecting these parameters can improve their absorption and fluorescence properties, making them suitable for various analytical uses.

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coumarin derivatives, spectral properties, fluorescence, substitution