Published: CABEQ 30 (1) (2016) 81-92
Paper type: Original Scientific Paper

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Comparative Study on Pantothenic Acid Separation by Reactive Extraction with Tri-n-octylamine and Di-(2-ethylhexyl) Phosphoric Acid

M. Poştaru, A. Bompa, A. Galaction, A. Blaga and D. Cașcaval

The mechanism of reactive extraction of pantothenic acid with tri-n-octylamine and di-(2-ethylhexyl) phosphoric acid was analysed for three solvents in the presence or absence of 1-octanol. In the absence of 1-octanol, the stoichiometric ratio between the solute and tri-n-octylamine was 1:1 for dichloromethane, 1:2 for butyl acetate, and 1:4 for n-heptane. In the presence of 1-octanol, the formation of aminic adducts was restricted, the stoichiometries for the interfacial reaction between the acid and tri-n-octylamine becoming 1:1 for dichloromethane and butyl acetate, 1:2 for n-heptane. A similar effect has been observed for extraction with di-(2-ethylhexyl) phosphoric acid, the structure of the interfacial compound being changed for n-heptane and butyl acetate from HAE2 in the absence of 1-octanol to HAE by addition of this alcohol. The highest extraction constants were obtained when extractant associates were formed. However, when the extraction mechanism was the same, the increase in organic phase polarity influenced positively the value of extraction constant.

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pantothenic acid, reactive extraction, interfacial mechanism, extraction constant, tri-n-octylamine, di-(2-ethylhexyl) phosphoric acid