Published: CABEQ 29 (3) (2015) 357-365
Paper type: Original Scientific Paper

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Chemical and Thermal Properties of Cellulose Acetate Prepared from White Willow (Salix alba) and Black Alder (Alnus glutinosa) as a Potential Polymeric Base of Biocomposite Materials

N. Španić, V. Jambreković, S. Medved and A. Antonović

Natural polymeric materials are an interesting alternative to petrochemical products with potential application in almost all areas of human activity. Wishing to expand the field of cellulose acetate application to the biocomposite wood materials, the possibilities of cellulose isolation and its acetylation from two domestic, commercially meagrely used, wood species was investigated in this paper. Cellulose isolated from white willow (Salix alba) and black alder (Alnus glutinosa) was acetylated using acetic anhydride and perchloric acid catalyst, by treatment at room temperature for 45 minutes. Analysis of the laboratory acetylation process, beside chemical analysis of the gained product by infrared spectroscopy (FT-IR), indicated the impact of hemicelluloses, present both in cellulose and cellulose acetate structure, on values of mass increase, number of acetyl groups and the degree of substitution. Results of thermogravimetric analysis (TGA) later confirmed the statement that thermal properties of cellulose acetate were also dependant on hemicelluloses.

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wood, cellulose, acetylation, bio composite materials, FT-IR, TGA