Published: CABEQ 27 (3) (2013) 355–363
Paper type: Original Scientific Paper

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Effects of Inhibitory Factor on Uptake Rate of Ammonia-Nitrogen with Sterile Ulva sp. for Water Quality Control of Intensive Shrimp Culture Ponds

H. Habaki, S. Tajiri, R. Egashira, K. Sato and T. Eksangsri

Ammonia-nitrogen uptake by sterile Ulva sp. was studied for the control of culture pond water of intensive shrimp farming. The uptake rates were measured by batch and semi-continuous operations, and analyzed with the Michaelis-Menten model of uncompetitive inhibition. For the batch uptake operations, the Michaelis-Menten parameters were estimated, and the maximum rate and Michaelis constants were estimated as 3.4 × 10–2 kg kg–1 h–1 and 5.5 × 10–3 kg m–3, respectively. The inhibitory factor increased with the uptake time and with the decrease of the seaweed density. In the cases of semi-continuous operations, the seaweed could continuously treat with the model farming culture solution. Although the ratio of the seaweed density relative to the rate of ammonia-nitrogen generation should be appropriately adjusted to keep lower inhibitory factor in the seaweed, the ammonia-nitrogen concentration could be maintained at a relatively low level during operation. Then the ammonia-nitrogen uptake by the alga water was roughly simulated and operation with moderate density of the algae in the pond could maintain the ammonia-nitrogen concentration at a sufficiently low level in the shrimp farming pond. The suggested treatment process might be attractive to control pond water quality for intensive shrimp farming.

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ammonia-nitrogen uptake, sterile Ulva sp., water quality control of intensive shrimp culture ponds, Michaelis-Menten model, inhibitory factor