Published: CABEQ 22 (3) (2008) 273–283
Paper type: Original Scientific Paper

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Design and Control Properties of Arrangements for Distillation of Four Component Mixtures Using Less Than N-1 Columns

D. M. Méndez-Valencia, M. Vázquez-Ojeda, J. G. Segovia-Hernández and A. Bonilla-Petriciolet

The design and study of dynamic properties of distillation sequences using side-stream columns with less than N-1 columns for separation of four-component mixtures were studied. Total annual cost and dynamic properties (using singular value decomposition) were used to compare properties of arrangements with less than N-1 columns to base cases with three columns (conventional case). Quaternary feeds containing four hydrocarbons were analyzed. For systems with low concentrations of one component in the feed, side-stream cascades often show significantly lower operating, capital costs and best dynamic properties compared to the base cases. Low purity requirements also favor side-stream cascades. Some rules are presented to predict which sequence will have the lowest energy consumption capital cost and better dynamic properties.

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Complex distillation, energy consumption, dynamic properties