Published: CABEQ 23 (3) (2009) 309–315
Paper type: Original Scientific Paper

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Statistical Modeling in Fire-ignition Hazard Evaluation

J. Šrekl and J. Golob

The probabilistic approach to the evaluation of fire hazard and the effectiveness of fire-precaution measures enables a rational response to the randomness of fire outbreaks. This article employs the statistical analysis methods to elucidate the causes for the ignition of fire on a random sample of industrial buildings in the Republic of Slovenia. The analyses are based on the Structural Equation Modeling (SEM), which is a well-established and important statistical analysis technique in the fields of biology, psychology and medicine, but hitherto rarely applied in safety research. The results of the study demonstrate that for the analyzed random sample of industrial buildings the frequency of fire outbreaks statistically significantly depends only on the presence and the probability of exposition to the heat sources (flames, sparks, and hot surfaces), but does not significantly depend on the available quantity of flammable materials within the industrial structure.

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Fire, ignition, fire hazard evaluation, structural equation modeling