Published: CABEQ 37 (1) (2023) 1-16
Paper type: Review
O. Hartal, C. Haddaji, A. Anouzla, A. Madinzi and S. Souabi
The spectacular evolution of the urban and industrial sector today poses real environmental challenges of water pollution that requires immediate attention. Surfactants are emerging contaminants that pose a significant problem in wastewater treatment, and their presence causes difficulty in traditional treatment processes. In this context, the present work critically reviews the impacts of surfactants and their toxicity on the environment and human health while presenting the various techniques used in wastewater treatment plants to reduce their effects. Surfactants are removed from wastewater using different techniques, including physical, chemical, biological, and membrane treatment. The choice of the most appropriate technique for wastewater treatment is based on many criteria, such as effluent quality, standards to be respected, investment and operating costs, and environmental footprint. Adsorption and coagulation-flocculation are the most suitable techniques for removing detergents from wastewater due to their effectiveness, ease of use, environmental friendliness, and cost-effectiveness.
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License
pollution, wastewater, surfactant, impacts, treatment