Published: CABEQ 35 (2) (2021) 139-156
Paper type: Review

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Bio-based Products from Lignocellulosic Waste Biomass: A State of the Art

M. Tišma, A. Bucić-Kojić and M. Planinić

This review presents data on the chemical composition of harvest residues and food industry by-products as widely abundant representatives of lignocellulosic waste biomass. Pretreatment methods, with special emphasis on biological methods, are presented as an important step in utilization of lignocellulosic waste biomass for the production of sustainable biofuels and high-value chemicals. Special attention was paid to the methods of lignin isolation and its possible utilization within lignocellulosic biorefinery. The objectives of circular bioeconomy and the main aspects of lignocellulosic biorefinery are highlighted. Finally, current data on industrial, pilot, and research and development plants used in Europe for the production of a variety of bio-based products from different feedstocks are presented.

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biorefinery, circular bioeconomy, lignocellulosic biomass, sustainable development