doi: 10.15255/CABEQ.2018.1465

Published: CABEQ 33 (1) (2019) 111–123
Paper type: Original Scientific Paper

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Surfactant-enhanced Bioremediation of n-Hexadecane-contaminated Soil Using Halo-tolerant Bacteria Paenibacillus glucanolyticus sp. Strain T7-AHV Isolated from Marine Environment

S. Ghafari, Z. Baboli, A. Neisi, S. A. Mirzaee, R. Darvishi Cheshmeh Soltani, R. Saeedi, M. Abtahi and S. Jorfi

Abstract
A halo-tolerant bacterial strain Paenibacillus glucanolyticus sp. strain T7-AHV isolated from marine environment was used for bioremediation of n-hexadecane-contaminated soil. Soil/water ratio, initial inoculums volume, surfactant addition, n-hexadecane concentration, and salinity were investigated. The possibility of biosurfactant production by isolated strain was also studied, and the results demonstrated that it was not a biosurfactant producer, based on measurement of the surface tension of culture broth. Both tween 80 and rhamnolipid enhanced the biodegradation of n-hexadecane significantly up to 44 and 46 %, respectively. A biodegradation rate of 39.7 % was observed at salinity level of up to 2 %, and the biodegradation efficiency decreased significantly at higher salinity concentrations. A natural hydrocarbon-contaminated soil sample with total petroleum hydrocarbon (TPH) concentration of 1437 mg kg–1 was subjected to bioremediation using the selected conditions of operational parameters, and a biodegradation rate of 22.1 % was obtained. (This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.)

Keywords
bioremediation, soil contamination, n-hexadecane, Paenibacillus glucanolyticus sp. strain T7-AHV, surfactant