doi: 10.15255/CABEQ.2018.1384

Published: CABEQ 32 (3) (2018) 349-358
Paper type: Original Scientific Paper

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Performance Prediction of Waste Polyethylene Gasification Using CO2 in a Bubbling Fluidized Bed: A Modelling Study

R. Alli, P. Kannan, A. Al Shoaibi and C. Srinivasakannan

Abstract
Gasification of carbonaceous materials using CO2 from flue gases is an effective and economic means of waste recycling and environmental CO2 mitigation system. The paper presents investigation on conversion of plastics, such as (poly) ethylene, into valuable gaseous products, primarily Syngas or synthesis gas using CO2 as a gasifying agent instead of conventional steam. Typically, gasification is carried out in a fluidized bed reactor followed by sequential separation of syngas from tar and other undesired gaseous products. In this research work, the effect of operating conditions of the fluidized bed reactor on carbon conversion and H2/CO mole ratio was examined. For this purpose, a process model of CO2 gasification of waste plastics using fluidized bed reactor was developed in ASPEN PLUS®. Sensitivity analysis concluded that parameters like CO2 – feed ratio, residence time, and gasification temperature serve to control the yield and quality of syngas.

Keywords
fluidized bed reactor, CO2 gasification, waste LDPE, process modelling